Coming up with a good thesis proposal is one of the most challenging tasks that you will encounter as a student. All the sleepless nights you have encountered, all of the corrections your teacher has made, and statistical computations you have made will all be worth it once you are finished with your research. It is now time for you to finalize everything and make all of the necessary edits to ensure that your research paper ends up being polished and ready for publishing.
One of the last sections that you would write for your research paper or academic essay is an abstract. An abstract is a good summary of what your paper or study is all about.
If you are new to writing research papers and abstracts, we would like to offer some help. Plus, we also have a few sample abstracts that would give you a good idea of how abstracts look like. Without further ado, let us dig deeper to how you can come up with an effective and well-written abstract.
Sample Abstract in PDF
Examples of Abstracts for Poster Presentation
Sample Informative Abstract
Example of Lay Abstract
Sample Scientific Abstract
Abstract Sample Template
Writing the Abstract
An abstract is usually used when you are writing academic essays or papers such as a research paper. It is usually just a short write-up that gives a summary of what your scientific paper is all about. It aims to give the reader a good idea of what the paper is all about. It will also help the reader know whether the paper you have written is in line with their interest or otherwise.
Abstracts are usually written last as you would need to finish your paper first in order to write a summary of it. So how to write an abstract for a research paper? Keep reading as we would be giving you a quick and easy guide to how you can do so.
1. How to Get Started?
Before you get started on your abstract, you should do a couple things first. Remember, we did mention that an abstract is made right after you finish your paper. So here is what you need to do before you get started on your abstract. You may also see script writing samples
- Finish your paper first. Save the writing of your abstract for last. Whether it is a thesis paper or a research paper, make sure that you finish writing it first. This way, it will be easier for you to come up with a good summary that will flow smoothly. Plus, your summary will be more accurate as you already know how your paper starts and ends. You may also like essay writing samples
- Review guidelines. Typically, you will be given a set of guidelines to follow when it comes to thesis writing. Included with these guidelines would be a guideline on how you should make your abstract look like. Remember to take a peek at these guidelines to ensure that you are formatting your abstract appropriately.
- Know your readers. Your abstract will be a good basis for your reader whether they would be using it for further research or as a basis for their own research. It also helps them see what the main argument of your paper is. So it is best to know how the needs of your audience and know how accessible you want your paper to be. You may also check out summary writing samples
- Know what type of abstract you should write. There are two types of abstracts out there: descriptive abstracts and informative abstracts. If you have been tasked to write a specific type of abstract do so. If you have yet to know what type of abstract you should be coming up with, we will help you figure out by giving you a quick description of each type of abstract. You may also see book writing templates
- Descriptive abstracts would typically be around 100−200 words in length. They would typically be used if your paper is relatively short. This type of abstract will define the purpose, goal, and methods you have used for your research.
- Informative abstracts are longer than descriptive ones. They are usually one page long and would give a better overview of your paper.
2. Starting to Write the Abstract
- Think of your purpose. Why are you writing your paper? You would need to let your reader know why your research matters. Use the following guide questions to help you out:
- Why did you choose the topic?
- What are the methods you used?
- What are your findings?
- Why are the findings deemed important?
- Why should the reader go through the rest of your paper?
- Talk about the problem. Let the reader know what your research is trying to address. You should also include the scope of your study, as well as the central argument that you have all throughout your paper. You may also check out article writing samples
- The methods. Briefly discuss how you approached the problem and what are the variables that you have used. Give the reader a good overview of the sources that you have used for your paper.
- Talk about your results. Talk about the results that you have gathered from your study, if your hypothesis/hypotheses is/are supported by the results, and what the general findings of your study are. This part is applicable for informative abstracts only. If you are writing a descriptive abstract, skip this step. You may also like biography writing
- Briefly discuss your conclusion. This would be the ending of your abstract. This is where you will talk about the implications of your study, as well as the implications of your results.
3. Abstract Format
We would like to help you make your abstracts look polished and professional. So how should an abstract be formatted? Here’s how you do it.
- Make sure that it is in order. This means that you should answer your questions in order. It should also have the basic introduction, body, and conclusion as well. If you were given a set of guidelines to follow for your research paper, religiously follow said guidelines. You may also check out memo writing samples
- Provide ample amount of information. Make sure that you explain in a clear manner. Make use of simple language and avoid using any acronyms and abbreviations. Make sure that you also do not leave your audience hanging. You may also see business report writing samples & templates
- Write it separately. Start from scratch. Make sure that there are no repetitions in your abstract. Never copy and paste from the main content of your paper. Treat your abstract as a separate entity of your paper. You may also like job application writing samples & templates
- Make use of keywords. By using keywords, you will be able to make your study be easier to find for future use by other researchers.
- Stick to the facts. Your abstract is the gauging tool that would determine whether your paper is worth the read or otherwise. Make sure that what you are writing is based on facts. You may also check out sample letter writings
- Leave out specifics. Your abstract is a summary and is not meant to talk about specific details. Briefly explain your study. An in-depth explanation should be found in the body of your research paper. However, you should still avoid making use of jargon or terms, which are considered to be too technical.
- Revise. Revisions are inevitable with whatever type of write-up you are writing. Simple revisions such as taking care of grammatical errors and misspelled words should be done. You may also see technical writing samples and templates
- Ask someone to read your abstract. It would be a good idea to ask someone to read through your abstract and ask for constructive criticism. Is it easy to understand? Are there terms that are difficult to understand? Do you need to rearrange your paragraphs? These are some things that might be reviewed in your abstract, so be ready to make a few revisions. You may also check out business writing samples
Our paper formatting guidelines can help you come up with a good way of formatting your abstract. A more specific means of formatting your abstract can also be found at How to Format Your Research Paper.
Sample Extended Abstract
Sample Historical Abstract
Sample Abstracts to Download
Abstract Examples in PDF
Example Abstract for the Humanities
Example of a Completed Abstract
Sample Research Abstract
So what have we learned today?
1. An abstract is a write-up attached to the front of your research paper or scientific paper. They are composed of a paragraph or two that gives a simple breakdown of what a reader should expect from the whole paper. You may also see speech writing samples
2. Finish your paper first before deciding to write your abstract. You will be able to write your abstract better that way.
3. Follow guidelines with formatting. If you have been given a specific set of guidelines to follow, you should definitely do so. If you have not been given a guideline, read through a few abstracts to gain a better perspective on how to write an abstract. You may also like resume writing samples & templates
We hope we have accomplished our mission of helping you out with your abstract. The best of luck on your finished paper!
Need guidelines for writing other academic papers? Check out How to Write in an Academic Style.