Many people consume dairy as part of their staple food to consume almost daily. Products with dairy such as milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, and other dairy products came from cow’s milk To obtain the milk from these cows, dairy farms are established to milk them and then sell their milk to manufacturers who use cows milk to produce food products such as mentioned above. If you have the capacity and interest to start a dairy farm, one of the things you need to prepare is a business plan. A business plan will serve as your guide to running your business efficiently. Read the article to know how to make a dairy farm business plan.
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What is a Dairy Farm?
A dairy farm is where female livestock, particularly cows but also including goats, buffalo, donkeys, and other livestock, are raised to produce milk to use to produce dairy products such as cheese, butter, yogurt, ice cream, and milk. Their milk is also used for non-food purposes too. Farmers who work in dairy farms do the following activities almost daily:
- Milk the cows
- Feed the cows
- Help mother cows give birth to baby calves
How to Make a Dairy Farm Business Plan
1. Begin With an Executive Summary
The first page of your business plan is your cover page where you write down the name of your business, the address of your business, your name as the owner, and the date when the business plan is completed.
The next page, which also serves as the first section of the business plan, is your executive summary. This section must give an overview of every section of your business plan without exceeding more than one page. It should highlight your business’ mission statement, the legal structure of your business, the scope of work, goods or services you offer, your requested amount of funding from investors or lending companies, your financial investment in the business, and your long-term goals.
2. Provide a Business Overview
Describe your business by including comprehensive details such as the location of your dairy farm, its business entity, the products or service you sell or offer, the size of your business, the history of the whole business your mission, values, and goals statements, and the nature of your business. Describe your dairy farm’s location such as its topography and zoning details.
Transition then to describe your target market, the purpose why your business exists, and your competitive advantage against your competition. Attach all the permits, certifications, and licenses you acquired that let you operate your business legally and ethically.
3. Describe Your Operations Details
Describe your everyday tasks and operation in your dairy farm. You can use a process map to make it easier to understand your processes and procedures. Don’t forget to describe your productivity rate, and the equipment, vehicles, tools, fixtures, furniture, and other inventory items that are required to run your business.
You also need to include details of risk management and assessment. This is important to include in your business plan since your risk management prevents your business from falling apart.
4. Provide Details Regarding Your Staff Members
Describe your organization using an organization chart where you list down the names of each of your staff and their responsibilities in the dairy farm. List also their background information. Include information about your contractors such as your suppliers who provide you equipment or other products that you will need for your farm.
5. Lay Out Your Marketing Plan
Write down the details of your marketing strategies. Your marketing strategies are crucial processes to successfully bring customers to your farm. Describe how your strategies can bring you profit and attract your target market.
6. Describe Your Financial Plan
Your financial plan should describe your 3 or 5-year financial statement. It must include your income statement, the current capital, profit and loss statement, balance sheet, and projected cash flow statements.
How much do you need to start a dairy farm?
Your costs of starting a farm depend on the location and size of the farm, the number of animals you have, the food and water that you will feed to them, and the equipment and gear you use to till the land and create a barn and milking system to house and milk your cows.
How much profit does a dairy farm have?
The profit a dairy farm earns depends on the size and the number of cows they have. Large farms earn more than $270 while farms with less than 200 cows earn around $160 or even less.
How many dairy farms are there in the U.S.?
According to the Census of Agriculture, there are 54,599 dairy farms in the United States in the year 2017.
Once you’re done writing your business plan, make sure to review it and revise any errors and inaccuracies you’ll spot. Make sure your business plan not only looks professional but also it is clear and comprehensible enough for your readers to understand it right away. To help you get started on making a business plan for your dairy farm business, download our free sample templates provided above!
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