Test planning is an important part of a software development process which outlines the method that a development team will take to ensure that their feature or product will function according to what it’s supposed to and not malfunction when users utilize it. It is built by Quality Assurance (QA) managers based on the information provided by the QA team members. A software test plan is an essential concept in software testing and acts as a tool to ensure that the appropriate resources are used to meet the objectives of the test.
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What Is a Test Plan Task Preparation?
A test plan task preparation is a formal document that contains important information such as the test strategy, test objectives, schedule, estimation, deliverables, and resources needed to execute the test plan for software products. This document helps test managers determine the effort needed to authenticate the quality of the application that is currently being tested. A test plan also serves as a blueprint to perform software testing tasks as a defined process that is monitored and controlled by the test managers.
How to Create a Test Plan
Creating a test plan usually falls under the responsibility of the test or leadership management while other test team members are responsible for inputting information and reviewing the tasks. Test plans are also considered the project plan of a testing process which defines how the testing will be executed at a particular point or type of testing like performance testing or security testing. Test plans can also serve as an instruction manual for the team’s testing effort.
Step 1: Conduct a Feature or Product Analysis
Before you start writing a test plan, it is important to have a deep understanding of the software product or feature. You can do this by communicating with the designer or developer to understand their scope of work, objectives, and functionality of the product. You can include the date you have gathered in the introductory paragraph of your test plan.
Step 2: Plan the Test Strategies you will be Using
When you are planning your test strategies, consider researching certain aspects such as customer requirements, budget plan and timeline, product specifications, and team abilities. You can also think of commonly used testing approaches like unit testing, API testing, integration testing, system testing, install testing, compatibility testing, and load and stress testing.
Step 3: Determine your Test Objectives and Pass or Fail Criteria
Create criteria that will help you identify the success of your performance testing. You can use various metrics such as response time, wait time, average load time, peak response time, requests per second, transactions passed or fails, and memory utilization.
Step 4: Plan the Setup of your Test Environment
The outcome of the test plan will not only depend on the product you are testing but also on the environment you are testing it in. determine what you are going to test such as the hardware, software, device combinations, and operating systems.
Step 5: Perform your Test Plan and Track the Progress
When you are performing your test plan, there is a certain process you need to follow. It starts with the requirements or design review, test planning, test designing, test environment setup, test execution, and test reporting.
What is the purpose of test planning?
Test planning ensures that you meet the requirements that guide the design and development of a product or feature, respond properly to all types of input, meet performance standards, install and run the product in all intended environments, and accomplish your desired results.
What elements should be included in a test plan?
The elements that will serve as the foundation of a test plan include the coverage of the plan, the methods to be used, the roles and responsibilities of each team member, and the test deliverables.
What are the key attributes of a test plan?
A test plan should be concise in that sentences are kept short and direct to the point, organized, readable with the use of plain language, adaptable to change, and accurate.
A test plan task preparation is a concise and reliable document that provides the outline of test strategies, schedules, objectives, deliverables, and resources that are essential to perform a test on a software product or feature. With this document, people outside the test team like developers, business managers, and clients will be able to understand the details of the testing process.
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