Discursive writing can be quite a handful to write. It can also often get interchanged with other types of essays. When it comes to writing one, you want to make sure that you choose a topic that you will be passionate about or objective about. Choosing a topic for this type of writing is of high importance because you want to make sure that you will be able to put a good amount of effort into writing your essay. You may also see book writing 

If you are looking for a couple of information about discursive writing, this is the article for you. We have also included a couple of essay samples in PDF that would help you out with coming up with your very own discursive essay.

1. Sample Discursive Essay in PDF

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What is the format of discursive writing?

Discursive writing follows a specific format that includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Here’s a brief breakdown of the format:

  1. Introduction:
    • Begin with a clear and engaging introduction that presents the topic.
    • Provide background information and context.
    • Clearly state the thesis or main argument.
  2. Body Paragraphs:
    • Organize the body into multiple paragraphs, each addressing a specific aspect of the topic.
    • Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main idea.
    • Support each point with evidence, examples, and reasoning.
    • Address counterarguments and refute them if necessary.
    • Ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs.
  3. Conclusion:
    • Summarize the main points discussed in the body.
    • Reinforce the thesis writing or main argument.
    • Provide a concluding thought or call to action.
    • Avoid introducing new information in the conclusion.
  4. Language and Style:
    • Use formal and objective language.
    • Maintain a neutral tone while presenting arguments.
    • Vary sentence structure for clarity and engagement.
    • Use cohesive devices to connect ideas.
  5. References (if applicable):
    • Include citations for any sources used.
    • Follow a specified citation style (e.g., APA, MLA).

Remember, the format may vary based on the specific guidelines provided, the type of discursive writing (argumentative essay, debate, etc.), and the intended audience. Always refer to any specific instructions or requirements given for the assignment.

2. Sample Discursive Writing Template

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3. Discursive Writing Template

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What Is a Discursive Essay?

Discursive writing is a type of formal writing that discusses a certain topic. The topic can be anything from an issue, a situation, or a problem.

There are two basic types of discursive essays: persuasive essays which aim to persuade the reader that your opinion matters, while the other one is an argumentative essay which basically tries to argue a certain topic based on facts.

There are also three main types of discursive essays:

1. For and against essays which try to discuss the two sides of an issue with justifications, examples, as well as reasons. In the last part of the essay, the writer’s opinion may be written.

2. Opinion essaysbased on the word opinion, is a type of discursive writing that presents the writer’s personal opinion regarding a certain topic. The writer’s opinion usually appears in the introduction as well as in the summary of the essay. You may also like business writing.

3. Suggested solutions to problems aim to analyze certain problems to certain topics and discuss possible solutions to these problems. The writer’s opinion may be directly or indirectly stated in the introduction and the conclusion of the essay. You may also check out letter writing

Features of a Good Discursive Essay

Just like any other type of essays, a discursive essay has three basic parts.

1. Introduction

The introduction of a discursive essay will be the part of your essay that will discuss what the main topic of the essay will be. You may also see informational writing

2. Main Body

The main body of the essay will contain the main points of the topic. Typically, it is separated into three paragraphs where the main points will be justified or exemplified.

3. Conclusion

The closing paragraph will summarize everything that you have discussed in the earlier paragraphs wherein your opinions will be restated. You may also like article writing

Considerations with Discursive Writing

1. Present Each Point in an Organized Manner

Every paragraph in the main body of your essay should start with one of the main points that you have for your essay. Justifications should also follow the main points.

2. Catchy Statements

Catchy statements can include

  • famous quotations,
  • rhetorical questions, and
  • thought-provoking questions.

3. List Down Points

When you get started on your essay outline, make sure that you also include the main points that you have. This will help to ensure that you have included everything that needs to be included in the essay. You may also check out reflective writing

4. Formal Language

Keep the language formal and appropriate for the writing style that you have.

The Basic DOs and DON’Ts of Discursive Writing

1. When You are Writing a Discursive Essay, DO

  • stick to a formal writing style,
  • introduce each main point in a clear and concise statement,
  • make sure that your paragraphs are well-developed and well-written,
  • give examples for every main point,
  • write in a sequential manner,
  • properly use linking words, and
  • cite sources and references.

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2. When You are Writing a Discursive Essay, DON’T

  • make use of shortened sentences or phrases,
  • make use of informal language,
  • make use of language that is biased or emotional,
  • over-generalize,
  • be insistent on your opinions, and
  • make use of personal examples.

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4. Basic Discursive Writing Template

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What are the benefits of discursive writing?

Discursive writing offers several benefits, making it a valuable form of expression and exploration. Here are some advantages:

  1. Comprehensive Understanding: Discursive writing encourages writers to thoroughly explore a topic from various angles. This process fosters a deeper understanding of the subject matter.
  2. Critical Thinking: Writing discursively requires analyzing multiple perspectives and considering diverse viewpoints. This enhances critical thinking skills as writers evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different arguments.
  3. Increased Tolerance: Engaging with diverse opinions in discursive writing promotes empathy and tolerance. Writers learn to appreciate different viewpoints and understand the complexities of various issues.
  4. Enhanced Communication Skills: Expressing ideas in a clear and organized manner is crucial in discursive writing. This skill is transferable to other forms of communication, including verbal and professional communication.
  5. Effective Research Skills: Discursive writing often involves research to support arguments and explore different perspectives. Writers develop research skills, including information gathering, source evaluation, and citation.
  6. Versatility: Discursive writing can take various forms, including essays, articles, blog posts, and more. This versatility allows writers to adapt their skills to different genres and communication mediums.
  7. Intellectual Exploration: The open-ended nature of discursive writing encourages intellectual exploration. Writers have the freedom to delve into complex issues, fostering a sense of curiosity and a desire for knowledge.
  8. Improved Writing Proficiency: Regular practice of discursive writing hones writing skills. Writers become more adept at structuring arguments, using evidence effectively, and maintaining coherence throughout their writing.
  9. Preparation for Argumentative Writing: Discursive writing serves as a foundation for argumentative writing. The skills developed in exploring multiple perspectives can be applied to make persuasive arguments in various contexts.
  10. Encourages Lifelong Learning: Discursive writing promotes a mindset of continuous learning and inquiry. Writers develop a habit of seeking new information and staying informed about current issues.

In summary writing, discursive writing offers a multifaceted approach to exploring and understanding complex topics, contributing to the development of critical thinking, communication skills, and a well-rounded intellectual perspective.

5. Discursive Essay Writing Format

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6. Discursive Writing Frame Outline Template

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What is the difference between discursive and argumentative?

FeatureDiscursive WritingArgumentative Writing
PurposeExplores a topic from various perspectives without necessarily taking a strong stance.Presents a clear argument, supports a specific position, and attempts to persuade the audience.
ToneGenerally more neutral and objective.Often more assertive and persuasive.
Main StructureMay include discussions, analysis, and exploration of multiple viewpoints.Emphasizes a clear thesis statement, supporting evidence, and counterarguments.
Thesis StatementMight present a general overview of the topic without a specific stance.Clearly states the writer’s position on the issue.
CounterargumentsMay address alternative viewpoints but does not necessarily refute them.Acknowledges opposing views and provides evidence to counter or refute them.
ConclusionSummarizes various perspectives and may not take a definitive stance.Reinforces the writer’s position and often includes a call to action or a final persuasive point.
ExampleAn essay discussing the impact of technology on society from different angles.An essay arguing that technology has a detrimental effect on interpersonal relationships.

While both discursive and argumentative writing involve exploring a topic, the key distinction lies in the degree of assertiveness and persuasion. Discursive writing tends to be more exploratory and open-ended, while argumentative writing aims to make a specific point and persuade the reader to adopt a particular viewpoint.


Is discursive writing biased?

Discursive writing may exhibit bias if it selectively presents information or leans towards a particular perspective without adequately considering opposing views. It depends on the author’s approach.

Where is discursive writing used?

Discursive writing is used in various contexts, including academic essays, opinion pieces, blog posts, and article analysis. It serves as a means to explore and discuss complex topics comprehensively.

What is an example of discursive?

An example of discursive writing could be an essay discussing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence, exploring various perspectives on its impact on society, privacy, and employment.

In conclusion, discursive writing serves as a versatile tool for exploring diverse perspectives on complex topics, fostering critical thinking, and promoting a nuanced understanding of various issues.

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