Part of a child’s education early on is learning basic math. It usually starts from addition and subtraction, being the most basic and easiest concept in arithmetic. However, there comes a time that they will need to learn multiplication. It can be an intimidating experience for the young students since this is a new concept that they have to understand and do effectively and some will start facing trouble doing multiplication. However, what most don’t realize is that teachers can have trouble teaching multiplication as well. They are concerned if they teach the wrong concept or teach the subject way too quickly which will have a negative impact on their pupils’ learning outcomes. If you’re an educator who has trouble teaching multiplication to youngsters, this article can help you how to teach multiplication effectively and how to create multiplication worksheets for your pupils to use in practicing their multiplication skills.
10+ Multiplication Worksheet Samples
1. Multiplication Equations Principle Worksheet
2. Multiplication Facts Worksheet
3. Polynomials Multiplication Worksheet
4. Mixed Number Multiplication Worksheet
5. Matrix Multiplication Worksheet
6. Two Digit Multiplication Worksheet
7. Multiplication & Division with Significant Digit Worksheet
8. Multiplication & Division Independent Worksheet
9. Single Digit Multiplication Version Worksheet
10. Grade 3 Multiplication Worksheet
11. Multiplication and Division Worksheet
What is Multiplication?
Multiplication is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic. Its formula gives the result of combined groups of equal sizes. The parts of a multiplication equation are the multiplicand, multiplier, and product. The multiplicand is the first number, the multiplier is the second number, and the product is the answer of both the first and second number that was multiplied.
How to Teach Multiplication to Children
1. Use Objects
To help children understand how multiplication works, you need to show them literally how it’s done. One of the best ways to do it is through a hands-on concept. To do this, collect small tokens such as buttons, bottle caps, cutouts, etc. and group them into sets or assemble them depending on the equation. For example, if the multiplication problem is 2 x 3, order the tokens into two rows that contain three tokens. The children can then number these consecutively to discover how multiplication works in real-time.
2. Introduce Skip Counting
Once they’ve got the hang of doing the said activity above, it’s time to teach them to skip counting or the process of counting in lots of a given number. You can still do the array activity or you let them use their fingers. For example, a problem is 3 x 5, the way they can solve it is by:
5 + 5 =10
10 +5 = 15
3. Discuss the Commutative Property
The commutative property of multiplication is the ability to reverse a sum and still get the same result. For example, the product of 7 x 6 and 6 x 7 is both equal to 42. Or 9 x 5 and 5 x 9 is 45. Let the children create an array by arranging manipulatives on a piece of paper, then challenge them to create an array with the multiplication problem you gave them without moving any of the manipulatives. Letting them understand the commutative property can help them greatly in answering multiplication problems and memorizing their multiplication tables.
4. Drill Multiplication Facts
So now they understand the concept of multiplication, it’s time for students to memorize multiplication facts, such as the multiplication table (you can go up to the twelfth level). When you train them to memorize the multiplication table, remind them constantly about the commutative property. Also, you can give them these tips to make them realize the patterns with the multiplication table to make familiarizing it easier:
- Any number multiplied by one remains the same
- Any number multiplied by two is the same number added together
- Any number multiplied by 10 gets a zero on the end
- Any number up to nine multiplied by 11 is the same digit repeated twice
You can also drill them further by doing engaging quizzes, activity worksheets, and online learning programs such as Mathletics.
5. Use Word Problems
It’s also a great idea to introduce word problems so the children can get a sense of how multiplication works in real-life scenarios. For starters, it can be quite tricky for them so you need to provide illustrations so they can visualize the problem and understand them much easier.
What are some examples of creative and fun multiplication activities?
Below is a list of examples of multiplication activities that you can do with your students:
- Back-to-back game: Let the students take turns improving their math skills by doing a friendly competition at the front of the classroom.
- Bingo: A twist on the classic game that gets kids involved.
- Musical Chairs: Let the students play this classic game by answering various multiplication questions each time they sit down.
- Spiral game: Use card decks into game boards with a multiplication game that twists and turns.
What is the purpose of the worksheet?
Worksheets serve as assessment tools for teachers to understand their students’ previous knowledge, the outcome of learning, and monitor the progress of their learning.
With these teaching strategies and worksheets to aid you in teaching children multiplication, you are effectively showing them that multiplication doesn’t have to be a scary or a daunting subject and it doesn’t have to be difficult to do and understand. If you show patience and compassion to them, their anxiety and frustration in learning this subject can greatly ease making them more confident in doing multiplication and greatly improve their outcomes. To help you get started making the worksheet, download our free sample templates above to use as your guide!
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